As you probably suspected, the first step in investing with Fidelity is to open the account. So you'll want to decide what kind of account you want to open. For most people, they'll be opening a Roth IRA, Traditional IRA, or Brokerage Account. If you already have and max an IRA (and you're already maxing out any employer-offered retirement accounts if available), then chances are you're looking to open a brokerage account, which is just a regular, taxable account where you can invest. If you're not sure what kind of account you want to open, you can learn a little more about this decision in my quick YouTube video. Check to see if they have any special offers here.
If you haven't actually decided if you want to open an account with Fidelity, you can learn a little about the differences between Vanguard, Fidelity, and Schwab here. If you want to invest but aren't quite ready to make all of these decisions to start investing with Fidelity now, you might check out my blog post I want to invest, but I have no idea where to start… Help please!! If you're ready to move forward with opening your Fidelity account and starting to invest, keep reading!
I’m going to assume that you are ready to move forward, know what kind of account you’ll open, and are ready to open it with Fidelity. When you go to open the account, there’s one question that seems confusing, and that’s which “core position” you’d like to choose. A core position is just where the money goes once you transfer it into the account, before you invest it. It honestly doesn’t matter much what you choose, because hopefully you’ll be investing money as soon as it hits your account anyway. So choose whatever you want. I have chosen SPAXX for no real reason at all.
Go ahead and open your account now. Below, I’ll post detailed instructions with screenshots, as to what you’ll need to do to get your money successfully invested. Those instructions will make the most sense if you download the Fidelity app onto your phone and make sure the “classic” experience is on (not Beta). Then you’ll be ready to follow along.
Next, you'll need to connect your bank account so that you can transfer money. From the Fidelity app, you'll click on transact (if you're in the "beta" experience, you'll click on the dollar sign on the bottom of the screen). Then you'll select "linked accounts and banks", then "add a bank", "link a bank account", choose the EFT transfer type, then "link a new bank"... Check out the screenshots to follow along.
You may have the opportunity to transfer money in while you set up the connection. If not, you'll click on "transact" (or the money sign) just like you did in the first step above. Then you'll click "transfer", then you'll select the "from" and "to" accounts.
I strongly recommend index funds or index ETFs. If you are unfamiliar with these terms, or with the idea of choosing index versions versus actively managed funds, check out my blog post on the impact of fees, Do Investment Fees Really Matter? Note that you will not be able to set up an automatic transfer and purchase of ETFs, so if you'd like to automate your investing, you'll want to make sure you at least include index funds into your plans.
If you have already decided what you plan to invest in, you can skip this section. If you're still wondering, check out the accompanying visual with some of the options. In the Fidelity column, all the options are index funds. They have some zero expense fee index funds that are newer (and perform similarly to the other version, but often invest in less companies), as well as the index funds that have been around much longer. Either one is perfectly acceptable. You could also choose the Vanguard ETFs if you're interested in those, which have also been highlighted in the visual.
Two things to note about Fidelity, are that:
1, They offer some ETFs that are not based on the index. They have not been included in the visual, but be aware of that when you're looking at the Fidelity ETF options.
2, And they have target-date retirement funds that are based on the index and some that aren't. If you're wanting a target-date retirement fund, make sure you look for the word "index" and check the expense ratio to ensure you have selected the right version! The index option should be around 0.12% and the non-index versions are more like 0.75%.
As usual, you'll start from "transact". Then you'll select "trade". The first thing you'll need to do is put in the ticker symbol for whatever it is that you want to purchase (the letters that signify that particular investment, such as FZROX). Once you put in the ticker symbol, it will recognize if you're going to buy an ETF or a mutual/index fund. The questions will be slightly different based on which one you are buying. See the screenshots below. The middle image is what it will look like if you're purchasing (or selling) an ETF, and the right one is what it will look like if purchasing (or selling) an index fund.
Personally, I prefer to buy in cash amounts, versus buying in whole shares, though that decision is yours to make. I also choose "market orders" when buying ETFs, which means that you'll buy the ETF at whatever the market price is. You could select a limit order, meaning your purchase will only go through if the ETF price is under your limited amount. But for long-term investing, I think it makes a lot more sense to just buy at the price that it is, when you have the money to buy.
Note that your ETF purchase should go through right away, whereas your index fund purchase won't go through until overnight (at the one daily price for that fund).
If you purchased index funds, you'll need to wait until your purchase goes through (overnight) before you can set this up. I'm not 100% sure if you need to wait with ETFs, but if your investments don't show up when you try to do this you'll know for sure. This step is done from the full website, not from the app, but you can start from the app when you're ready. Follow along with the following screenshots.
If you followed the screenshots, you should be all set up, with dividends and capital gains set to reinvest! If you add new funds, it would still be smart to go in here and verify that they are automatically reinvesting, but you should be good!
If you can contribute on a regular schedule, I'd highly recommend automating the process! You can do this by setting up an automatic transfer + investment. To do this, you'll go back to "accounts and trades" and then you'll select "transfers". Then continue following along with the screenshots. Note, that you'll only be able to automatically invest into index funds (not ETFs) that you already own. So make sure your purchase of at least one fund has gone through before you attempt this!
And you're done! Now you should own at least one index fund or ETF, it should be set up to automatically reinvest dividends and capital gains, and you may even have an automatic investment set up. Congratulations, that was truthfully a huge step towards creating a future that you will love!
We're done, but while we're in here you might as well check on your beneficiaries to make sure they're accurate. Back under account features (where you went to set up the reinvesting), you'll see beneficiaries. Click on there and make sure they're correct (see screenshot for where to find this)!
If you have any issues with any of the previous steps, Fidelity customer service should be able to walk you through it! You're also welcome to reach out to me (Instagram is probably best, I'm @intentionalmoneylife).
If you want to learn more about investing (and taxes and retirement and some other things), check out my educational program, Level Up Your Finances. If you'd like to have a one-time, live, one-on-one meeting with me, where we can take a big-picture view of your situation and co-create some helpful steps you could take to reach your goals, sign up for a Money Strategy Session instead.
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